Communication and Interaction: where children and young people have speech, language and communication difficulties which make it difficult for them to make sense or to understand how to communicate effectively and appropriately with others.
Cognition and Learning: Where children and young people learn at a slower pace than others their age it could be they have difficulty learning parts of the curriculum or have difficulties with organisation and memory skills. It may be a specific difficulty affecting one part of their learning such as literacy or numeracy. Learning Difficulties covers a range of needs including Moderate learning difficulties (MLD), Severe learning difficulties (SLD) and Profound and multiple difficulties (PMLD). Specific learning difficulties (SpLD) such as dyslexia, dyspraxia and dyscalculia come under this term.
Social, Emotional and Mental Health Difficulties: Children and young people may experience wide range of social and emotional difficulties which present themselves in many ways, they may have difficulty in managing relationships with other people, be withdrawn and behave in ways that may hinder their and other children’s learning or have an impact on their health and wellbeing. This broad area includes attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or attachment disorder. It also includes behaviours that may reflect underlying mental health difficulties such as anxiety, depression, self-harming and eating disorders.
Sensory and/ or physical needs: where children and young people have visual and/or hearing impairments, or a physical need that means they must have additional on-going support and equipment.